Extinction and Legacy of Dinosaurs: The Impact of Volcanic Eruptions and Asteroid Collisions

Issuing time:2023-06-20 09:10

In the long history of the Earth, there was a golden age called the Age of Dinosaurs, which occurred during the Jurassic period. This was a time over 160 million years ago when the Earth was home to thousands of different types of dinosaurs. They were the most advanced creatures on Earth, ruling over land, sea, and sky. Today, we will take you back to this distant Jurassic period, and explore this world full of fantasy and wonder.

Chapter 1: The Rise of the Dinosaur Kingdom

During the Jurassic period, the Earth's climate was warm and humid, and the distribution of continents was relatively concentrated. This allowed plants and animals to flourish on the vast land. Among them, dinosaurs were the most prominent group of creatures, with diverse body shapes, diets, and behaviors, which brought abundant biodiversity to the Earth. This era was also the most magnificent moment of the dinosaurs, from their origin in the Triassic period to their extinction in the Cretaceous period.


Classification of Dinosaurs

Based on the skeletal features of dinosaurs, scientists classify them into two major groups: Ornithischia and Saurischia. Ornithischian dinosaurs include giant herbivorous dinosaurs like Stegosaurus and Triceratops, as well as small and agile dinosaurs like the bird-footed suborder. Saurischian dinosaurs include carnivorous dinosaurs like Tyrannosaurus and Velociraptor, as well as giant herbivorous dinosaurs like sauropods and the lizard-footed suborder.

Between Ornithischia and Saurischia, dinosaurs displayed a wide range of forms and functions, reflecting the diversity of biological adaptation to the environment.

Ecological Environment of the Jurassic

During the Jurassic period, the Earth's ecological environment was prosperous and diversified. The warm and humid climate provided excellent growing conditions for plants, and forests and swamps were widespread. This provided a large food source for herbivorous dinosaurs. At the same time, herbivorous dinosaurs also provided abundant prey resources for carnivorous dinosaurs, forming an interdependent ecosystem.

In this ecosystem, dinosaurs played their respective roles. Herbivorous dinosaurs like sauropods and Stegosaurus, with their tall bodies, could forage at high places, and their powerful legs and long tails made them swift in movement. Carnivorous dinosaurs like Tyrannosaurus and Velociraptor had sharp teeth and strong limbs, giving them a higher success rate in hunting.


In this world of the Dinosaur Kingdom, each species of dinosaur had its unique way of survival, maintaining the balance of the Earth's ecology.

Chapter 2: Dinosaur Life

As one of the most fascinating creatures on Earth, dinosaurs' lifestyles and behaviors are also intriguing. Let's explore the daily life of these prehistoric giants.


Dinosaurs reproduced in many ways, with egg-laying being the most common. Dinosaurs reproduced offspring through laying eggs, and some dinosaurs chose to dig holes in soft ground such as sand or swamp to lay eggs, to protect the fragile eggs from damage. Some dinosaurs also incubated and protected their eggs to ensure the safety of their offspring.

Interestingly, modern birds and dinosaurs have many similarities in their reproductive methods. This is why scientists believe that birds are one of the direct descendants of dinosaurs.

Social Behavior

Although dinosaurs lived hundreds of millions of years ago, based on fossil records and modern technology, we can learn about some of their social behaviors. Some dinosaurs lived in groups, such as Triceratops and the bird-footed suborder. They usually formed large family groups to forage, protect their offspring, and deal with external enemies.


Carnivorous dinosaurs like Tyrannosaurus and Velociraptor also had similar behaviors. They would form small teams to hunt together to improve their hunting success rate. These dinosaurs had clear positions and division of labor within the team, reflecting a certain degree of social structure.

Communication of Dinosaurs

How did dinosaurs communicate? This is a fascinating question. Studies have shown that dinosaurs may communicate in various ways, such as sound, posture, and smell. Some dinosaurs would emit low roaring sounds to express emotions or warn companions. Some dinosaurs also had special structures, such as the head crest of the Triceratops, which may have been used to display status or attract mates.

Chapter 3: Extinction and Legacy of Dinosaurs

In the long history of the Earth, the golden age of dinosaurs eventually came to an end. About 66 million years ago, at the end of the Cretaceous period, a small asteroid about 10 kilometers in diameter collided with the Earth, causing major disasters such as volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and tsunamis, and a drastic climate change. This disaster led to the extinction of dinosaurs and many other creatureson Earth, marking the end of the Mesozoic era.

The impact of the asteroid collision and volcanic eruptions caused widespread destruction of habitats and food chains. The sudden change in the climate destroyed the balance of the ecosystem, and many species of dinosaurs could not adapt to the new conditions and eventually died out.


However, the legacy of dinosaurs lives on. Birds, as the direct descendants of dinosaurs, have inherited many of their characteristics. The feathers of birds evolved from the scales of dinosaurs, and the wings of birds have also evolved from the forelimbs of dinosaurs. Even some of the behaviors of modern birds, such as nesting and incubating, are inherited from their dinosaur ancestors.

In addition, the study of dinosaurs has greatly contributed to the understanding of evolution, paleontology, and the history of life on Earth. The fossils of dinosaurs preserved in rocks have provided scientists with valuable information about the past, helping us to better understand the evolution of life on Earth.


The world of dinosaurs is full of mystery and wonder. Their diverse forms and behaviors have attracted the attention of scientists and the public for centuries. Although they have disappeared from the Earth, their legacy lives on, and their stories continue to inspire us to explore the wonders of the natural world.

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